新年快乐!年味十足的春节英文小知识供大家学习

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所属分类:幼儿英语启蒙

春节文化

 

 

In the old days, New Year's money was given in the form of one hundred copper coins strung together on a red string and symbolized the hope that one would live to be a hundred years old. Today, money is placed inside red envelopes in denominations considered auspicious and given to represent luck and wealth.

 

辞旧岁:bid farewell to the old year

扫房: spring cleaning; general house-cleaning

新年快乐!年味十足的春节英文小知识供大家学习

 

新 春 佳 节

 

1.传统中国节日:traditional Chinese festival

2.农历:lunar calendar

3.腊八节:Laba Festival

4.小年:Little New Year

5.除夕:Lunar New Year's Eve

6.春节:the Spring Festival

7.正月初一:Lunar New Year's Day

8.元宵节:the Lantern Festival

9.正月:the first month of the lunar year

10.二月二:Dragon Heads-raising Day

 

传 统 习 俗

 

11.喝腊八粥:eat Laba porridge

12.扫尘:sweep the dust

13.扫房:spring cleaning

14.祭灶:offer sacrifices to the God of Kitchen

15.守岁:stay up

16.拜年: pay a New Year's call

17.祭祖:offer sacrifices to one's ancestors

18.祭财神:worship the God of Wealth

19.春联:Spring Festival couplets

20.贴倒福:paste the Chinese character "Fu" upside down

21.去晦气:get rid of the ill-fortune

22.辞旧岁:bid farewell to the old year

23.兆头:omen

24.禁忌:taboo

25.烧香:burn incense

 

阖 家 团 圆

 

26.吃团圆饭:have a family reunion dinner

27.年夜饭:New Year's Eve dinner

28.全家团圆:family reunion

29.办年货:do Spring Festival shopping

30.敬酒:propose a toast

31.穿新衣:wear new clothes

32.红包:red envelops

33.压岁钱:gift money;money given to children as a Lunar New Year gift

 

美 食 小 吃

 

34.年糕:rice cake;New Year cake

35.饺子:dumplings;Chinese meat ravioli

36.汤圆:dumplings made of sweet rice

37.八宝饭:eight-treasure rice pudding (steamed glutinous rice with bean paste, lotus seeds, preserved fruit, etc.)

38.什锦糖:assorted candies

39.糖莲子:candied lotus seed

40.花生糖:peanut candy

41.蜜冬瓜:candied winter melon

42.瓜子:red melon seeds

43.金桔:cumquat

44.红枣:red dates

45.春卷:spring roll

46.冰糖葫芦:candied haws on a stick

47.驴肉火烧:donkey burger

48.腊肠:Chinese sausage

49.米酒:rice wine

50.腊肉:preserved meat

51.糖板栗:sugar chestnut

52.  四喜丸子:four-joy meatballs

 

民 间 艺 术

 

53.泥人:clay figure

54.皮影戏:shadow puppetry

55.木偶戏:puppet show

56.刺绣:embroidery

57.剪纸:paper-cut

58.中国结:Chinese knot

59.年画:New Year painting

60.吹糖人:sugar-figure blowing

61.舞龙:dragon dance

62.  舞狮:lion dance

63.秧歌:Yongko dance;rural folk dance

64.灯笼:lantern

 

曲 艺 表 演

 

65.戏曲:traditional opera

66.折子戏:opera highlights

67.相声:comic dialogue;cross talk

68.小品:skits;sketch

69.口技:vocal imitations;ventriloquism

70.杂技:acrobatic performance

71.马戏:circus performance

72.京韵大鼓:drum song of Peking

73.踩高跷:walk on stilts

74.杂耍:variety show;vaudeville

 

娱 乐 活 动

 

75.打麻将:play mahjong

76.庙会:temple fair

77.春节联欢晚会:Spring Festival gala

78.灯会:exhibit of lanterns

79.送贺卡:send New Year's greeting cards

80.理发:have a haircut

81.放烟花:set off fireworks

82.放鞭炮:set off firecrackers

83.灯谜:riddles written on lanterns

 

各 路 神 仙

 

84.门神:the God of Door

85.灶神:the God of Kitchen

86.财神:the God of Wealth

87.土地爷:the God of Land

88.火神:the God of Fire

89.喜神:the God of Happiness

90.福禄寿三星:the three gods of fortune, prosperity and longevity

91.八仙:the Eight Immortals

 

其 他

 

92.生肖、属相:Chinese zodiac

93.鸡年:the Year of the Pig

94.微信红包:WeChat red envelope

95.年:Nian;Year monster

96.立春: Start of Spring

97.24节气:24 Solar Terms

98.本命年:the animal year in which one was born

99.春运:Spring Festival travel rush

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